As the US election are playing in the background, I’ve been stacking my popcorn supply and getting myself ready to see the world burn, I thought about the ways we elect our leaders and whether we can come up with some better way. Processing it through, I’ve classified most system into only 4 categories. Here it goes:
1. The first party. Public election, or so it seems. The people vote, the most popular candidate wins. Whether it’s the winner takes all or absolute majority, it makes no substantial difference. People may vote for a person or for a political party. That’s still ok. The biggest risk of “first party system” is that it’s actually a “third party system” in disguise. That’s the biggest trick, isn’t it? to let the people have a sense of control over their lives…
2. The second party. That’s when a person became a leader simply because he chose so. He probably used some power or violence to overthrow the previous leader, but not necessarily. he might have crowd-surfed his way to the top, being energised by the people love and faith in him. It’s still not a first party system, as it wasn’t structured. And that is the key ingredient of the “Second Party” systems – this is no structured mechanism to replace the leadership.
3. The third party. Fairly simply, we have someone to select the leader for our – an elite of sort. It may be the richest few, like in the US; It may be the tribe’s elders, like some tribal societies; It may be the most hight people in power – like the Vatican or China. All of these systems roughly says the same thing -The leader, not matter where he came from, must have the approval of the elite. The question remains, though, whether this Elite is open or not – can anyone join the elite? In most societies – yes, it’s possible but it depends on the individual’s ability – to get extremely rich, or climb up the bureaucracy hierarchy, or may live to old. Some societies are closed – picking their elites from some Aristocrat families. But if anyone would like to scale it down, we can actually give a score from 0 to 100, about the individual’s ability to join the elite group and decide his or her own fate.
4. No party. A no party system is the most objective system – we simply take the oldest, smartest, richest, strongest. We take the one who could life the hammer or pull the sword out of the stone. There is a test that anyone can challenge and once passed – he or she will become a leader. It’s not a second party’s revolution because it’s foresight agreed that the person who has the best score in the agreed criteria is the winner.
I find this classification fascinating as you can classify almost any system of governance using these four groups. But one must ask – can we think outside the box? about another kind of election-mechanism?
Let’s take Switzerland for example, that is the closest thing to a healthy no-leadership system operating today. The Swiss vote themselves on all major issues (sometimes in contradiction to ethics and international law. that’s true). Well, some of the Swiss do, at least. The Swiss are organised in communities which build cantons, which build the state. The leader is merely the representative of the people, rather than the monopoly of power.
But Switzerland isn’t perfect, as it gives immense power to the citizens which are heavily influenced from the media, which is controlled by the elite. So is it a first-party or a third-party? not much of neither. But it is a perfect proof for the existence of other governing system that what we’re set to think. can you think of other ways to choose your leader or govern?